Cod. SIMP003 - ABSTRACT
Title: ENEM EXAM: CHALLENGES AND NEW PERSPECTIVES ON THE TEACHING OF TEXT WRITING IN HIGH SCHOOL
RENATO CABRAL REZENDE (UNIFESP)
Abstract: The teaching of and the research on practices of text writing in Brazilian high school system faces many challanges nowadays. Two of them stand out: 1) the need of teaching as many discourse genres as possible in order to foster critical insertion of students in linguistic practices; 2) the usage of new information and communication technologies in the production of multimodal discourse genres, many of which can be produced by the collaborative digital writing technologies. This simposium proposes to think about a third challenge: the place of the National High School Exam (ENEM) essay within text writing classes in high school. ENEM essay exam consists in the analogical writing of a composition on a social, political, scientific or artistic problem. The candidate must write about the issue and propose a solution for it, without disrespecting the Humam Rights. That is: the candidate should not only criticize the problem, but also outline a first draft of a public policy for it. Apparently, the ENEM essay exam would be out of date regarding the first and the second aforementioned challenges: for it would both foster the teaching of a single discourse genre and foster the individual analogical writing. On the other hand, ENEM essay is up to date regarding the official language teaching regulative documents in as much as it solicits a solution for a problem, therefore it fosters the production of instructional and argumentative text sequences which are not demanded by other models of essay teaching. In this sense, the goal of ENEM essay is to deepen the text-interactive approach, whose goal is the insertion of students in the public debate as propositive subjects for the solving of public problems. This simposium looks forward experience reports or researches – either in process or concluded ones – that discuss the place of ENEM essay in text production classes. Researches or experience reports are welcome when: relect on the teaching of text sequences focused on instructional argumentation; reflect on the the teaching of discourse genres and argumentation regarding ENEM essay exam; reflect on the necessary literacies for the insertion of subjects in the debate and participaiton on public policies via their writing.