Cod. MES016 - ABSTRACT


Title: CONVERSATION AS JOINT WORK

Author / Institution:

JOSÉ GASTON HILGERT (UPM)

Abstract: Every discourse is joint work of enunciator and enunciatee. Both speaker and hearer can only understand themselves and can only exist within mutual institution and mutual determination in the act of enunctiation. In this sense, the enunciator is not the only subject of enunciation, but so it is the enunciatee. The later becomes, with the former, coenunciator, both being, therefore, jointly responsible for the utterance. If this principle underlies the construction of any discourse, it becomes more explicit and evident in the development of conversation. In conversation, enunciator and enunciatee meet face to face. In this condition, not only are they oriented by the simulacra that come from cultural consensus and knowledge somewhat shared between them, but they are also determined by factors that emerge from the here and the now as interaction unfolds. In conversation, the speaker constructs her utterance guided by “signals” from the hearer and in his presence. Many are these “signals” and they differ in their nature. This presentation focuses on the joint work revealed in situations in which the interlocutor intervenes in the speaker’s turn, aiming at an adequate formulation that assures the coherent unfolding on conversation.

Keywords: Conversation, enunciation, interaction, joint work.