Cod. MES016 - ABSTRACT


Title: THE IMPORTANCE OF CONVERSATIONAL SUPPORT TURNS DURING FACE TO FACE INTERACTION

Author/Institution:

LUIZ ANTÔNIO DA SILVA (USP)

Abstract: The conversational dynamic reflects the cooperation that exists between speaker and listener. The party who holds the word receives, without leaving the turn, certain signs that represent a kind of return channel. These signs are very important, since they allow the speaker to control the quality of communication. Such segments, apparently unimportant, have significant value in the interaction, since the listener can provide a constant proof of appropriate listening and participation without breaking one of the first rules of social interaction: “speak one at a time.” The objective of this paperwork is to study conversational support shifts which are listener turns, i.e. shifts that are not intended to take over or follow the topic, but seek to demonstrate participation related to the topic developed by someone who is with the word. It is a kind of turn that expresses interaction while following communication and active participation in the conversational act. The speaker that gives such a shift support does not wish to speak or take the right of his/her conversational partner,  on the contrary, the intention is to reaffirm the speaker condition of the other and, therefore, support the turn maintenance.

Keywords: Conversation; interaction; speaker; listener; turn/shift.