Cod. MES014 - ABSTRACT
Title: POLEMICS, DEBATE AND ARGUMENTATION
LINEIDE DO LAGO SALVADOR MOSCA (UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO)
Abstract: We depart from the fact that controversy is in the heart of argumentation and also it is during the debate that the diverse perspectives of the polemic emerge in development. The notion of arguableness is always present in such circumstances, in which come into play the convictions of participants in the confrontation, considering as well the wills and interests from the envolved parties. The main theories for this study are related to the contributions of greco-roman rhetoric and the current studies from the new-rhetoric of Perelman and those advancing his studies, represented by Michel Meyer and the group from the University of Brussels. Experts in this subject, like Marc Angenot, from the University of McGill/Canada, Christian Plantin, Amossy, Grácio and Mosca are also in the basis of these researches. We will discuss how the action of problematizing and polemitazing constitute forms of citizenship and of the construction of identities in conflictive situations, consisting in an interactive process in which convincing and persuading make a fundamental role. Once it is the field of the plausible and the arguable, we are in the presence of a tensional atmosphere, submitted to judgements and passions, in which the diverse possibilities in the search of sollutions and consonance must be considered, even when there is no agreement.
Keywords: Polemics; debate; problematizing; conflict; citizenship.