Cod. MES001 - RESUMO


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Abstract: Starting from Dioníso to whom is attributed the verb classical concept (“part of a clause without a case, susceptible to show the idea of time, people, numbers, actions or passions”) through Prisciano, Donato, Sáchez and Port-Royal, the study reaches the XIX century – in Brazil, recalling that the verb is one of the most complex elements in a language composition and that many perspectives and contradictions have been raised by those who are dedicated to studying the subject. We have analyzed works produced under the influence of the philosophical and general grammar, in a moment in which the country was in search of its identity, as we can see in works by Moraes da Silva and Sotero dos Reis as well as works produced under the influence of the comparativism; with the country as an established nation, in works by Júlio Ribeiro and João Ribeiro, to identify – in these works – the prevailing ideas, the influence occurred and the changes they have undergone over the century. Writing a history consists of homogenizing the diverse, to seek unit in diversity (Auroux,1989), always having in mind that the researcher’s view is about the nowadays scenario towards a past object, and seen in these terms, attention is needed, trying to understand the past, in order to evaluate how – in this case – the Portuguese Language researchers have represented (Chartier, 1990) the “verb” as a grammatical category. At the end, we may say that works published before Julio Ribeiro, were characterized exclusively by the philosophical and general grammar assumptions. For the works published after this period, we may say that, despite the changes in the concept presentation, they still show – at some point – attachment to that grammar. As per Fávero and Molina arguments (2004,p.195) “as the result of human understanding, knowledge knows no bounds and it cannot be easily delimited, in other words, changes in this field do not take place abruptly, but they undergo transitional periods. The XIX century was a period in which we had both the appearance of our grammatical production and changes (…)”.

Keywords: Linguistic ideas history – Grammatical ideas in Brazil – Verb