Cod. MES012 - RESUMO


Title: CONCEPTIONS OF LANGUAGE AND ITS FUNCTIONING: CONTRIBUTIONS OF ENUNCIATIVE AND DISCOURSIVE THEORIES

Author/Institution:

ANA ZANDWAIS (UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL – UFRGS)

Abstract: This study aims to reflect on different conceptions of language in the European contexts of ‘East’ and ‘West’.

First, we  will try to treat about an historicist-comparativist conception that investigates the logical laws which regulate the functioning as well as the transformations of language in its historical course, represented through the writings of Michel Bréal, in French context of the end of nineteen century . The following reflection will be a materialist conception of language represented through the writings of Valentin Volochinov, produced during the years 1920-1930, in order to investigate how language functions under empirical conditions, in a dialectical  way, breaking off positivist perspectives of language that were hegemonic in the  european context.

After an analysis of the main contributions of these theories we will try to establish some similar points between their epistemological basis and, at the same time, the counterpoints that permit characterizing the specificities of the historical, functional and subjective dimensions which delimitate the aspects that contribute to the comprehension of possible ways of describing and explaining the  relationships between language and its operations.

 Keywords: Language; enunciative theory; speech.