Cod. MES012 - ABSTRACT
Title: ARGUMENTATION, ENUNCIATION, DISCOURSE: A PARTICULAR CONFIGURATION WITHIN LINGUISTICS
Autores / Instituição:
SHEILA ELIAS DE OLIVEIRA (UNICAMP)
Abstract: Enunciative studies, proposed as linguistic theories, and Discourse Analysis (AD), intended as an “in-between” discipline in Human Sciences, become institutionalized in France between 1960s and 1970s. Both criticize the way major paradigms of Linguistics in the twentieth century cut out their objects, such as the structuralist method inspired by Ferdinand de Saussure’s Course in General Linguistics (1916). Both, from specific theoretical and epistemological positions, bring back to Linguistics the question of language activity and of the subject of language, defending the impossibility of thinking language [langue] independently of speech [parole], and questioning the opposition between langue as a systematic object, opposed to parole as unsystematic, as disseminated since Saussure’s Course. AD, affiliated to historical materialism, also brings to the fore the issue of the externality of language as constitutive of it. The Department of Linguistics of UNICAMP, created in 1968, relied, from the beginning, on visits of Oswald Ducrot, responsible for introducing argumentation in Linguistics through his enunciative perspective. The particular institutional configuration on this side of the Atlantic, in which Discourse Analysis was part of the Department of Linguistics, resulted in an enunciative approach of argumentation that, establishing a strong dialogue with AD, moved from Ducrot’s structuralist position to a materialist position. Given the importance of argumentation as a language issue, I propose to present this linguistic treatment of it, which has taken form in Brazil based on the works of Eduardo Guimarães, in order to think over its heuristic and political consequences.
Keywords: Argumentation, enunciation, discourse, politics, history of linguistic ideas