Cod. MES001 - ABSTRACT
Title: DISCOURSE AND STYLE
BETH BRAIT (PUCSP / USP/ CNPq)
The guiding principle of this presentation is to retrieve the concept of discourse stylistics, found in M. Bakhtin’s works from 1930 to 1936. Its objective is twofold: (1) to reintroduce Bakhtin’s proposition for stylistics, discussing its pertinence and productivity to current discourse studies, and based on key elements of this dialogical, discursive stylistics, (2) to understand how the autobiography genre is mobilized in Luiz Roberto Salinas Fortes’s Retrato calado [Silent Portrait] (1988/2012). By means of the memoir genre, this work re-presents the Brazilian dictatorship during the 1960s and 1970s. It confers on this genre the dimension of what Bakhtin calls the fundamental capacity and feature of literary prose: to expose the social dialogue among languages. On the one hand, it is about a stylistics of the novelistic genre, which, without compromise, can be understood as the stylistics of the genres of literary prose. Its specificity lies in the analyst’s ability to capture the social dialogue among languages that is present in the entirety of the work, which is considered a concrete utterance, an enunciation. Under this perspective, Retrato calado [Silent Portrait] brings to light discourses that confer on the memoir/testimony narrative the potential to be about a subject, its enunciator, who is also the object of the narrative and, concurrently, about a time that is revealed, glimpsed by a discursive fabric that is woven by threads that are contradictory, tense, and of different shades. It is in them that the materialized memory is clearly entangled.
Keywords: Dialogic Perspective; Discourse stylistics; Memory; Literature of resistance; Genres.